Understanding the elements of landscape design

Landscaping is a combination of art and science. The elements of landscape design are the artistic characteristics of planning an outdoor garden. These basics of landscape design are used to design a landscape that is aesthetically pleasing with an attractive, inviting appearance.

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The five elements of landscape design include:

  • Colour: It is important to use a complementing colour scheme throughout the yard.
  • Line: Li near patterns are used to direct physical movement and to draw attention to areas in your garden.
  • Form: Form can be expressed through trees and shrubs of various shapes and sizes which create natural patterns.
  • Texture: Plants with varying textures can add to the atmosphere of your outdoor area.
  • Scale: Your outdoor design should balance the size of the buildings it surrounds, while maintaining a comfortable environment for the individuals who will use the area.

Putting it all together 

There is much more to planning the ideal landscape design than selecting colours and creating lines and curves. There are a few other basics of landscape design that should be addressed before developing the plans. 

You should determine the primary purpose and function of your outdoor area first.